Once I was a clever boy learning the arts of Oxford... is a quotation from the verses written by Bishop Richard Fleming (c.1385-1431) for his tomb in Lincoln Cathedral. Fleming, the founder of Lincoln College in Oxford, is the subject of my research for a D. Phil., and, like me, a son of the West Riding.

I have remarked in the past that I have a deeply meaningful on-going relationship with a dead fifteenth century bishop...
It was Fleming who, in effect, enabled me to come to Oxford and to learn its arts, and for that I am immensely grateful.


Friday, 30 December 2016

Coronation of King Charles IV of Hungary 1916


Today is the centenary of the coronation of  the Bl. Emperor Charles as King Charles IV of Hungary in 1916. The fact that he had received this sacramental was of enormous spiritual significance to the King and his Queen Zita, and why he refused to renounce his rights in 1921.

The ceremony, central to the traditional Hungarian concept of kingship, was both deemed to be a constitutional requirement and also, it seems, as a means of binding the new King, who had succeeded to the throne in late November, to the existing balance of political power within the realm by the Prime Minister, Count Tisza.

The history of the ceremony can be viewed at Coronation of the Hungarian monarch.

There is an account of the preparations for the 1916 coronation in Miklos Banffy's memoir The Phoenix Land and part of that is reproduced online at Coronation-of-Emperor-Karl with additional material. There is also a detailed description of the day, set within the action of a sprawling novel about a Magyar aristocratic family, in Lajos Zilahy's The Dukays.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/86/Crown%2C_Sword_and_Globus_Cruciger_of_Hungary2.jpg/1200px-Crown%2C_Sword_and_Globus_Cruciger_of_Hungary2.jpg 
 The Holy Crown, Orb, Sceptre and Sword of the Hungarian Regalia

Image: Wikipedia
https://i.pinimg.com/736x/43/67/8b/43678b09850acb793b2b9382c6fa614d--emperor-karl.jpg 

Queen Zita and the Crown Prince travel to the Coronation in the State Coach  

Image: Pinterest

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The King taking the Coronation oath at the foot of the Holy Trinity pillar outside the Coronation Church of St Matthias

Image: Getty Images

http://www.realnews247.com/karl_I_horseback_coronation.jpg

The King on horseback upon the hill composed of soil from every county in Hungary.
This part of the ceremonial involved the King riding up the hill and brandishing his sword to the four points of the compass to symbolise his defence of the frontiers of the kingdom - indeed the oath speaks of extending them.

Image: Monarchy Forum

https://i.pinimg.com/236x/27/dc/c0/27dcc032e33f0a3cc302654a497579d1.jpg

King Charles IV

Image: Pinterest 

http://faktor.s3.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com/thumbs/2015-12-29/4ebdbf986364cb68ca157abf78ee57b0/web650.jpg

King Charles IV, Queen Zita and Crown Prince Otto.
The King died in 1922, Queen Zita in 1989 and Otto in 2011.

Image: viktor.hu

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King Charles IV wearing the Holy Crown
and mantle of St Stephen and holding the sceptre.
He was Beatified in 2004

Image:Pinterest

Film of the processions and oath taking can easily be found on YouTube 

 

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